you're reading...
Go Techniques, Lecture, Videos

Video (Eng): The (5 main) Rules of (Korean) GO (= Baduk)

  • You have friends around the globe whom you like to introduce into the GO world ?
  • You want make Go attractive via modern medias to kidds and teenagers in school ?
  • You have the wish to animate your family members to start playing GO with you ?

Korean GO style is seen nowadys as the most progressive way of Go playing. – So why not learning from one of the leading nations in GO (beside China and Japan) ?

Here a new video from Korea with a short introduction into GO…

Tks to the Korean Amateur Go Associtation for this excellent video in English about the five main rules of Korean Go (= Baduk)…

How was GO introduced via print medias in last centuries without Internet ?

Some acient sources about Baduk Culture: rare books (Source: Korea Baduk Association)


From the quality of paper, the estimated publication period of HyunHyunKyung is 19th century. The size of the book is 183 x 255 mm (width x length) with 8mm of thickness. The book is made of hanji (Korean traditional paper) and has 78 pages in total including the cover. The feature of this book is that not only were letters imprinted but the baduk boards were also printed. The book was printed by carving each and every page separately. The baduk stones were stamped with brush covers.

Ki, Kyung, Ku, Kam

The set is consisted of Ki, Kyung, Ku, Kam, a total of 4 volumes in which are recorded 94 games of baduk during the periods of Tien Ming (AD 1781~1788) through Hyung Hwa (: AD 1801~1803). The book size is 18.6cm by 26.8cm (width x length) and published in Year 7 of Mun Hwa (AD 1810).


The book includes referential drawings of 53 set Joseki and 90 initial fuseki. The set is consisted of 3 volumes series is consisted of 3 volumes, volumes 1, 2 and 3. It has a total of 112 headings and its size is 18.2cm by 25cm (width x length). The publication year is Year 10 of (AD 1725). This book is also well-known for its tragic going out of print immediately after objections were raised by Honinbo Dochi.

New HyunHyunKiKyung

In Year 10 of So Hwa (AD 1935), Hashimoto Utaro translated and reorganized the master piece from the ancient times, HyunHyunKiKyung – (joint work of Eom Sa and Ahn Chun Jang-). It is a book of total 226 pages and sized in 17.8cm by 25cm (width x length).

Baduk Encyclopedia

The book which was published by in March 1965 comes with enormous quantity up to 600 pages. It contains everything about baduk stretching over ancient and modern times in a total of 11 categories including baduk terminology, proverbs, dictums, people directory, and book titles thus well deserves the entitlement as an encyclopedia.

100 Years of Baduk Play

The book was written by Yasunaga Hajime, a renowned baduk journalist. It describes periods from Meiji Restoration era to late 70s when Ki-sup Cup was organized. While the book briefly introduces Korea and China, it mainly deals with Japanese baduk history.

“Museum” of the ancient Baduk (Source: Korea Baduk Association)


AmGakKiBan of DanyangSain-am

On a flat surface of a large rock at the bottom of Sain-am (rock) in Daegang-myeon, Danyang-gun, a 19 x 19 grid baduk board is engraved. The structure of the board is a regular square of 50cm by 50cm (width x length) the boundary of which is decorated with double lines. It differentiates from other engraved baduk boards that there is not a Flower point. It is estimated that this rock is associated with U’tak, a native of Danyang, who had a governmental position as Sain at the close of Korea era because he was said to have visited Sain-am frequently regardless of whether he was on duty of after retirement.

The Baduk Board of Kim, Ok-gyun

The baduk board which was favored by Kim, Ok-gyun, the civilization ideologist in the latter period of Chosun Dynasty. After his Kapshin coup in 1884 came to an end in 3 days, Kim, Ok-gyun fled to Japan, where he became closely acquainted with Honinbo Shuei. The baduk board was originally in possession of Japanese baduk house training center and donated to the Korean Baduk House in 1995 in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of modern baduk.

Soon Jang Baduk Board in the Chungbuk National University Museum

This is a Soon Jang Baduk Board donated by Prof. Oh, Se-tak, a former professor of Chungbuk National University. The estimated production period of this baduk board goes back to 1910s where Soon Jang points are clearly depicted on the face of the board in a pattern of traditional floral stamen. However, the uniqueness of the pattern is that full Soon Jang points with 4 stamens are only on 4 cornered Flow point and 5 centered point whereas other 12 Soon Jang points are expressed with half JangJum points.

Cotton Rosewood Baduk Board

The baduk board which is possessed by Dongdae-sa, Jungchangwon in Japan’s Nara , Kyoto. It is known that this Cotton rosewood Baduk Board was favored by the Emperor Shomu (Reign years from 724 to749) which was sent from King Uija ( ? ~ 660) of Baekche Dynasty to Fujiwara Katamari, the Internal Minister of Japan. It is the oldest wooden baduk board in existence.

A Portrait of Honinbo Sansa

Honinbo Sansa (1559~1623) is a person who prepared the ground for Japanese baduk . He was endowed with the title of Meijin by Oda Nobunaga during the Sengoku period (The Warring States Period) of Japan and was still patronized by Tokugawa Ieyasu after unifying the warred sate. Accordingly he brought his family to prosperity and paved the foundation of Japan’s modern baduk .

A Painting of Five Beautiful Women Playing Baduk Under

The painting is a masterpiece worked by Kitagawa Utamaro in 1790 who is one of the greatest artists of Ukiyo-e, the traditional genre printing in Japan. The painting well depicted a scene where Japanese mid-upper class women of the end of 18th century gathered to enjoy playing baduk (go). The picture is in possession of the Honolulu Art Gallery, Hawaii. Gwanjung is a term indicating the Japanese era between 1789 and 1800.

A 17 x 17 grid Stone Baduk Board of the Later Han Dynasty

The baduk board was excavated from a Genera’s tomb who was buried in AD 182, era at the end of the Later Han Dynasty. Being the oldest baduk board existing in the world, its structure is a perfect square and its size is 69cm x 69cm x 14cm (width x length x height). Prior to the excavation of this stone baduk board, the existence of 17 x 17 grid baduk board was only articulated in documentary records. However, it was proven that 17 x 17 grid boards were used around 2000 years ago thanks to the discovery of this stone baduk board. It is in possession of Beijing Museum of History Museum.

General Guan Yu

This is a work of Utagawa Kuniyoshi (1797~1861), one of the great masters of Ukiyo-e which is a genre painting for commoners during the Edo period of Japan. It factually described the scene in which Hua Tuo, a celebrated doctor is operating a surgery and General Guan Yu is playing baduk with Ma Liang.

A Porcelain Baduk Board of Sui Dynasty

When a tomb of a Sui Dynasty General was excavated in 1959 at Anyang, Henan, China, 192 pieces of burial accessories were also discovered. Among those items was a small 19 x 19 grid ChungJa KiBan sized as 10cm x 10cm x 4cm (width x length x height). This is the second oldest baduk board in history with a unique structure of board legs. It is in possession of Henan Museum.

A Wooden Baduk Board of Tang Dynasty

This is a 19 x 19 grid wooden baduk board which was excavated among groups of tombs in Doreuhwan Ahseutana, a Uyghur Self-governing District of Shingang, China. It is currently in possession of the Museum of Uyghur Self-governing District. In Tang Dynasty, both the 19 x 19 grid and 17 x 17 grid baduk boards were used in common.

A Wooden Baduk Board of Tang Dynasty

This is a 19 x 19 grid wooden baduk board which was excavated among groups of tombs in Doreuhwan Ahseutana, a Uyghur Self-governing District of Shingang, China. It is currently in possession of the Museum of Uyghur Self-governing District. In Tang Dynasty, both the 19 x 19 grid and 17 x 17 grid baduk boards were used in common.



About LinuxGooo

I am a real Go Beginner… but I like to learn and have fun with. And I fell in love with playing for influence (mainly San-RenSei fuseki, Cosmic style) as white and black. … 26th Jan 2014 I started on KGS (as 6-7kyu since Sept), another global GO Server on the web. On 4th March 2014 I registrated on OGS (Online Go Server). In July I began to play on Korean servers, on Tygem (10kyu) and on Wbaduk (11kyu). If possible by time, I like to have reviews and analysis of my games, which helps to progress (beside observing/Kibitzing Dan games). – My special thanks go to different KGS teachers/players for audio lectures and individual reviews: Dsaun (N.Y.), Battusai, TapJoshua (4D), Troll (2D), MXHero (5D), Shygost (3D), Mingjiu Jiang (7P)… not to forget all the other KGS players who offered me their knowledge and shared their personal experiences. My special tks go to Dsaun for his audio lecture “Shape” (on 22nd Febr 2014) which was the first step into a systemtical learning. Currently I study with www.321go.org and with the first GO book: “Graded Go Problems for Beginners” (Vol. 1-4) by Kano Yoshinori. Volume 1: Introductory Problems Volume 2: Elementary Problems VOlume 3: Intermediate Problems Volume 4: Advanced Problems For individual “offline training” I experimented with and use different bot programmes: Aya 6.34 (1k), Oakfoam GNU Go 3.8 and Zenith 4.4. better known as Zen (5k-5D) (Rec.: Running these bots I use as front end (Goban) Drago.) For editing/rediting SGF files the programme MultiGo 4 is suitable. Have fun behind the board…


No comments yet.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

Calendar (posts)

December 2014
« Nov   Jan »


Blog Stats

  • 61,386 hits
%d bloggers like this: